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13 February 2012

Kesultanan Riau Lingga

Kesultanan Riau Lingga merupakan kerajaan Islam yang terletak di Kepulauan Riau. Kesultanan ini dahulunya adalah bagian dari Kesultanan Malaka dan selanjutnya dikuasai oleh Kesultanan Johor Riau. Pada tahun 1811, Sultan Mahmud Syah III mangkat dengan tidak meninggalkan pewaris takhta. Sebenarnya ia memiliki anak bernama Teungku Hussain, namun peraturan adat kerajaan yang menyatakan bahwa pewaris takhta harus berada di samping Sultan manakala ia meninggal dunia tidak dapat dipenuhi oleh Teungku Hassim karena putra sulung Sultan Mahmud Syah III tersebut sedang melangsungkan pernikahan di Pahang. Situasi ini membuat kerajaan menjadi kacau dengan munculnya sengketa pengalihan takhta istana. Di tengah sengketa tersebut, Britania Raya memberikan dukungan kepada Teungku Hussain, tetapi ditentang oleh Belanda yang lebih memilih Abdul Rahman, adik tiri Teungku Hussain.

Kesultanan Riau Lingga adalah pecahan dari Kesultanan Johor dan didirikan berdasarkan Traktat London antara Britania Raya dan Belanda pada tahun 1824. Di antara tokoh yang ikut menandatangani traktat terdapat Sultan Abdul Rahman Muadzam Syah, yang kemudian menjadi Sultan. Traktat London membagi Kesultanan Johor ke dalam dua bagian, yakni Johor (Inggris), dan Riau Lingga (Belanda).

Eksistensi sejumlah kesultanan di daerah Riau memegang peranan penting di dalam perkembangan bahasa Melayu yang kemudian menjadi elemen utama bahasa Indonesia yang kita pergunakan sekarang. Pada masa itu, bahasa Melayu menduduki status yang setara dengan bahasa-bahasa utama di dunia dengan dilengkapi susastra dan kamus eka bahasa yang komprehensif.

Referensi:

Amir Hendarsah. 2010. "Cerita Kerajaan Nusantara Populer". Great! Publisher: Jakarta.

Herve Renard's Copper Bullets

HERVE RENARD (Photo by Africa Review)

While rest of the world is mourning about Whitney Houston's death, in Africa Herve Renard is making a hallmark. He is the man who leads the march of Zambia national team to the final match of the 2012 African Cup of Nations in Equatorial Guinea/Gabon. The Frenchman succeeds to supply fully equipped Copper Bullets' barrel against all odds, including an impressive victory over the more favored Ghana in the semifinals. No matter what will happen in the final match, where they are playing the 'galaxies' Cote de Ivoire (into the extra time as this article shows up), the success has been a milestone for Zambia has never reached the final match since 1994.

Born on September 30, 1968, Renard was a defender when he was an active footballer. Clubs he  played for include Cannes, Stade de Vallauris, and SC Draguignan. He was on the pitch from 1983 to 1998. Accordingly, the Frenchman must be made count by the Zambian supporters.

One year after retirement, he started the coaching role with SC Draguignan in 1999 and stayed in this club until 2001. Renard then moved to China to take the Assistant position for Shanghai Cosco, where he spent the 2002/2003 season. In 2004, he got a new experience of British football when he managed Cambridge United, before going home for AS Cherbourg one year later.

His debut at the national team level occurred in 2007 when the Ghana football federation appointed him as the Assistant to his compatriot, Claude Le Roy. The companionship with Zambia today is not the first experience because Renard used to lead the team in the previous tournament of the Cup, 2010. Unfortunately, he only had a short-term spell and stepped down the managerial position before the end of his contract. Leaving Chipolopolo squads, Renard took the job as the Angola national team manager. There, he got the same old story for having to resign soon. Having had quite experience as a national team manager, Herve Renard came back to the club level in 2011 when he coached USM Alger, one of Algerian league clubs.

The destiny seems to lead him to the place he has to belong as the Zambia football association recalled him in 2011 to manage the squads for the second time. Renard succeeded to mend all the imperfect touches he probably made in the first attempt by leading the Green and Black squads the way to the much more famous achievement this year.
Terima kasih kepada BelajarInggris.Net atas kepercayaannya memilih tulisan saya menjadi salah satu pemenang dalam Lomba Blog 2010.