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25 July 2011

It's never too late to mend the broken wings, Garuda

Rights to impose opinions are among those highlights of human rights campaign in post-World War II era. But in case of Indonesia, freedom to speak only came into reality in 1998, when mass demonstrations forced President Soeharto, the founder of "New Order" to step down his presidency. It was monetary crisis, which triggered the "revolution" -- though I doubted it as the "pure" people's power as political interests were eventually revealed. Post-Soeharto era Indonesia has been tested for several occasions of a "real" democratic climate. More freedoms were given to the people in which almost all elements of the nation had the right to speak and to do anything in the name of democracy.

In practice, democracy has been something "too angelical" for a nation with heterogeneous backgrounds, where plenty of needs must be fulfilled. As competition becomes more transparent, it is more difficult for new nation's leaders to lead the way the nation has set its goals toward development. The fall of the New Order has left many homeworks for bureaucrats, from foreign debts to capacity-building, from corruption to poverty, from development inequality between Java and other islands to environmental destruction.

Thirteen-year leap from the so called "1998 reform" momentum things have never got better. Even, the more "vocal" people continue to press their ideal opinions on the media opposing any controversy issued by the ongoing government. The wind of change in freedom to speak has, conversely, turned into deadly monsters that are haunting almost everybody on the seat of the government.

This phenomenon concludes that old bureaucrats were the lucky ones for their "untouchability", whereas the poor, new bureaucrats are sorrounded by complicated problems, which turn their sweet dream into a nightmare. People are now more critical in imposing their will and citizens have never again abducted to be expendable. Bureaucrats are looking like standing at the edge of a high mountain ready to plung themselves into a deep rocky abyss.

However, today's bureaucrats should not have been the enemies of the citizens have they understood their positions and the situation around them. Once they have been aware of the danger to be the citizen's "outlaws", things are going to be fine and they will perform their duties in peace and harmony. The problem is that the "Reform era" bureaucrats still act as if they were those under the "New Order" power. They keep corrupting the people's rights, violating the rules, fooling the people, and stabbing their fellow peers from behind. In deed, it is not democracy, but they have been the monsters themselves. All controversies have its focal point from recruitment. Part of individuals who are running the Indonesian bureaucracy do not have adequate quotient triangle (spiritual - emotional - intelligence). Missing one of these triangle chains will mean disaster for the nation. They keep lying to the people by acting like gods, saints, and holy persons. The have been making demons in their own blood, by drinking blood from the fellow people. They are not humans no more.

Capacity-building, competency, trust, devotion, and other positive elements are necessary to build a strong nation. Unfortunately, Indonesia has not got enough such human resources because the ongoing government still inherits the old ones. It is, perhaps, the result of revenge, hatred, or the likes, I do not know exactly, but I am sure it is something like that. Unless devoting-personalities dominate the bureaucratic seats, the nation will surely come to an epilogue chapter.

Kingdom Jenggala, River Brantas, and Ken Dedes

1) Kingdom Jenggala was one of two kingdoms (with Kingdom Kahuripan), which was equally-splitted by King Airlangga in favor of his two sons. He divided the kingdoms to show that he fairly treated the children and in order to prevent possible quarrels between them. King Airlangga asked a notable religious leader, Mpu Barada, for helping him realize his dream. Mpu Barada, a "brahmana" with great supranatural power, flied to the sky and poured water (namely "Tirta Amerta" or "holy water") to the ground, along the border-line to divide the territory into two equal portions. These two territories were then named Jenggala and Kahuripan (or Kadiri, the present day Kediri). History tells that the drop of "Tirta Amerta" magically turned into a river. The river was eventually known as River Brantas.

2) In early development, both Jenggala and Kahuripan grew equally, but as time went by, Jenggala could not grow as fast as Kahuripan. Even, Jenggala was extinct and became part of Kahuripan and no longer a kingdom. The fall of the Kingdom Jenggala was believed due to its inability to adapt the "agricultural characteristic". It is reasonable because this kingdom was situated closer to the coastal area than Kahuripan. At time, agricultural way of life dominated the Java Island, where these kingdoms were situated. It is interesting for archeologists as well as historians to find out the ruins of the Kingdom Jenggala. Nowadays, the kingdom's heritages, such as inscriptions or letters on "lontar" leaves have been rarely found.

3) Mataram, either Hindus-Mataram or Islam-Mataram, was one of the most notable kingdoms in the history of Nusantara (Archipelago). The name "mataram", according to a source, was derived from "metarum", a name of tree, which people also call it "nila". The fruits of this tree were used for coloring clothes. Another source stated that "mataram" may be derived from the word "tarumanagara". Tarumanagara was a kingdom situated in the present day West Java.

4) King Purnawarman of Tarumanagara used to ask for building a river dam at River Bagasasi. Now the place is known as Bekasi, one of regencies under the provincial territory of West Java.

5) Ken Dedes was welknown as the most beautiful princess in the era of Kadiri. She issued kings of Singhasari and Majapahit by her marriage to Ken Arok, the founder of Kingdom Singhasari. After her death, Ken Dedes was illustrated by a statue of "Prajna Paramitha". The statue is believed as the most beautiful statues inherited by the era of Singhasari and Majapahit. Unfortunately, "Prajna Paramitha" you find at "Museum Nasional Jakarta, Indonesia" is only a specimen because the original one is kept under the authority of the Dutch government at Leiden Museum, the Netherlands, which colonized the former "Dutch East Indies" for more than three centuries.

The above texts may be subject to change because a history must be studied in an in-depth analysis. History does not have an absolute conclusion because it must depend on those who tell it from his or her own point-of-view.

(Source: history interview and discussion on-coffe-dinner between Tiyo Widodo and Adrianus Kris, Semarang, 25 July 2011, according to many references).
Terima kasih kepada BelajarInggris.Net atas kepercayaannya memilih tulisan saya menjadi salah satu pemenang dalam Lomba Blog 2010.