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7 March 2011

Environmental-based diseases

Photo credit: http://www.treehugger.com/coal-plant-damage-environment.jpg


As environment gets more dirty and complex nowadays, more health disorders become apparent in society. It must be a serious problem that prohibits the health development of the affected people. Pollution has become quite severe as people sometimes show negative behaviors towards their environment. In industrial era like we are within today, it is difficult to find, for instance, fresh air with clean water place to live. Accordingly, in addition to the disease risks, stress also follows. All disorders combine to degrade the quality of life. In some future times to go, healthy environment is probably rarely found if such bad habits continue.

Disease is a pathological condition, in which functions and/or morphology of an organ is disordered. Environment is anything, which lies around the organ (dead or living things, either abstract or concrete) as well as a situation formed by interaction between elements within the nature. Environmental-based disease is a pathological condition in which function and morphological disorders of particular body organ caused by the interaction between humans and their exposed things, which have potentials to grow the disease.

Environmental-based disease has been for years a serious problem. For examples, respiratory tract infection and diarhea are the environmental-based disorders which always top chart in the ten most dangerous diseases reported by Public Health Centers in Indonesia.

According to the report of Profil Ditjen PP & PL tahun 2006, approximately 22.30% of the total infant deaths in Indonesia were caused by pneumonia, whereas the morbidity of the diarhea had risen for years; in 1996, 280 per 100 population and in 2003 rose to 347 per 1000 population. Accordingly, the environmental-based disease prevention should take account for the course and pathogenetic process in order to perform the right interventions.

The environmental components that contribute the disease pathogenesis, which become the transmitting media, include air, water, foods, animals, and human. Whereas other components with significant effect consist of behaviors, nutrition status, and knowledge.

Disease sources are those acting constant behaviors to produce disease agents. These disease agents are the environmental components that may cause disorders, either in direct or indirect manners (through the transmitters). Some of the agents include as follows: biological agents (bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, amoeba); chemical agents (heavy metals such Pb and Hg, pollutant waters; asphyxiants; dust and fibers (such as asbetos and silicon); and pesticides.

Indonesian footbal: the victim of political interests?

Photo credit: lagabola.com
Indonesian football is having hard times. A tension heightens between the country’s football top federation, PSSI, and those distrusting the integrity and competency of the organization’s officials. Protests have been turning into anarchism as Nurdin Halid, the current president of PSSI, refuses to step down his position. The quite success during the AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 can not help easing the disappointment of Indonesian football fans with the organization’s poor management and performance under the leadership of Nurdin Halid.

Indonesian football development has been an intriguing phenomenon. It is difficult to determine which one is on the right decision as many parties get involved. Many interests irritate the final decision to be made. Meanwhile, the demonstrants tend to do anything to show their disappointment. PSSI as the Indonesian FA is under pressure.

To larger extent, Indonesia is still struggling a good capacity-building since its reform era by the downfall of the New Order regime. Poor organizational management is still found in many aspects of life, including in the sports. PSSI as the top organization of the Indonesian football is a great expectation of the fans. Unfortunately, the organization is equipped by individuals with poor integrity and competency. Political intervention is likely dominating the decision-making and policy-making processes. PSSI has become a medium of battle-of-interest of some powerful groups in the country.

Poor management of PSSI is a complex matter because of its independent status from the government. It is legally stated by the FIFA statue. History has recorded bans on some countries where government intervention leading to sanctions for their football activities. Nevertheless, FIFA always provides tolerance under particular circumstance, i. e., a situation that forces the government to defunct the football association due to its inability to run the organization. In case of Indonesia, the conflict is likely to be misled for somewhat commodity to grab sympathy from the people. The government of Indonesia does not have a goodwill to fix the problems as soon as possible.

Big achievement can only be obtained by the greatest struggle. It also costs much and sacrifices a lot. There seems a fear of sanction from the FIFA due to the intervention of the government. However, if such effort must be the only way out, there is nothing else to do about it. Or, is there any hidden agenda behind this unrest??
Photo credit: klangart.ch
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