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29 March 2011

Keep silent, please? : Give Mother Earth Some Rest

Planet Earth, the beautiful place where we were born, flourish, and grow, has been full of pollution in many kinds. Mankinds have for generations known kinds of pollution. The pollution can be broadly categorized into air, water, land and noise-borne pollutions. Of these four categories, it is perhaps noise-borne pollution which is rarely concerned. Noise, produced by overloaded sounds, indeed is part of our daily life from dusk to dawn to dusk to dawn, and so on. Sounds dominate us everyday. In case of highly populated environment, the noise can be irritating. Noise is the biggest enemy of our rest times, isn't it?

According to Saktiyono (2006: 162), sound pollution can be defined as the entrance of unintended sounds or voices into housing or neighborhood. Sound pollution disturbs human activities, too. The process of the sound pollution, as Bronzalft and Hagler (2010: 75) writes, occurs when sound begins as vibrating object, causing the movement of air molecules, setting up alternate bands of compression and expansion in the air and then striking the ear drum.

Several studies have also proven the potential problems due to sound pollution. For example, Chamber and Jensen (2005: 441) conclude that sound may threat human's health and life quality. Noisy sounds are believed to contaminate the atmosphere. Despite its lacking evidence due to rare studies performed, noise may disturb sound frequency, even hearing ability.

Sound has been for centuries a signal for danger, alert, announcement, and other occasions used for enabling human to prepare in particular situation. Nevertheless, today's noisy sounds are producing problems. One may lose concentration because of loud sounds entering his ear drums. Heart attack and traffic accident are among those being triggered by noise, directly or indirectly.

Sources of noise can be all transportation systems, factories, power tools, and audio entertainment systems. Noise is measured in decibels. The noise of 45 decibels causes no problems for humans, but once it touches 120 decibels, your ears will ache and your hearing begins to damage. (www.geogise.com). Broadly speaking, noise may produce negative impacts in forms of annoyance, speech interference, health problems, sleep interference, and decreased work performance (www.geogise.com).

Those who live in urban area even get more dangerous impact of the sound pollution. It is now difficult to find quiet place where roaring machines are almost everywhere, isn't it? Even environmental care campaigns may produce another pollution by their noisy activities....How can you not care about tranquility when you may need times to withdraw yourself from the crowds? It is an important issue we must address more seriously as it is as important as other types of pollution.

Silence of the Noise
Tiyo Widodo, February 27, 2011

In the crowds of hundreds commuters
mind was busy thinking
what for it's being there
where ears  continued going banged
by the shouts of decibels

At the corner of the sidewalks
down the Metro of ambushes
to blow your nerves
still the will couldn't give in the wheels

Justice in the loaded barrels
it's what being applied when you're on the street
as you're on your own
there'll be no one but you
to step aside the bumpy roads

As the crowds went nasty and mean
it's on your feet how the walk be made
just like in your vessels where the blood be flown

27 March 2011

The 1st International Worldviews Conference on Media and Higher Education

Canada is going to place itself into a vital hallmark as the country will host the first ever conference on media and higher education. The 1st International Worldviews Conference on Media and Higher Education, scheduled for June 2011, will propose important themes the relationships between the media and the higher education development nowadays. Issues supposed to be presented in this conference include the followings: 1) how media coverage of higher education has changed over the past two decades; 2) the impact of social media and how it is changing what is covered and how higher education is understood; 3) the role the media play in influencing public polic debates on public education; 5) how higher education engages with the media to inform public opinion; and 6) the different realities of the developing and developed worlds. The major theme of this conference is "Worldviews: Media Coverage of Higher Education in the 21st Century." The event is taking place at the University of Toronto, including the Campbell Conference Facility at the Munk School for Global Affairs, the MaRS Discovery District and the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. In addition, Ryerson University and TIFF Bell Lightbox are also featuring several sessions of the conference.
Picture credit: Facebook photo album
The purpose of the above-mentioned issues discussion will be examined in a format designed to maximize participation and discussion that will feature: cafe discussions and salons, interviews with leading thinkers, readings and workshops, in addition to keynote addresses and panel debates; the opportunity for audience members to become speakers and debaters; and open programming reserved to respond to specific ideas that emerge from the conference itself.

Many leading experts are going to be involved as the key speakers, including Philip G. Altbach (Director of Center for International Higher Education, Boston College), William H. Ayers (Formerly Distinguished Professor of Education and Senior University Scholar, University of Illinois at Chicago), Phil Baty (Deputy Editor of Times Higher Education), Simon Beck (Manager of Custom Content Group, The Globe and Mail), Agneta Bladh (Former Rector of theUniversity of Kalmar), Nicole Blanchett Neheli (Co-ordinator of the Journalism Broadcast Program, Sheridan University of Technology), Tony Burman (Head of Strategy of The Americas, Al Jazeera), Ying Cheng (Executive Director of the Center for World-Class Universities Graduate School), Mary Churchil (Research Fellow of the Middle East Center at Northeastern University), Jean Desormeaux (Program Co-ordinator of the Advanced Television and Film Program, Sheridan College), Daniel de Vise (Reporter of the Higher Education, Washington Post), Jefrey Dvorkin (Executive Director of the Organization of News Ombudsmen), Georges Fallis (Professor of Economics and Social Sciences, York University), Jean-Marc Fleury (Executive Director of World Federation of Science Journalists, Universite Laval), Shari Graydon (Media educator, author, journalist, critic),  John Helliker (Director of the Screen Industries Research and Training Center (SIRT)), Alfred Hermida (Associate Professor of the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of British Columbia), Hanson Hosein (Director of the Master of Communication in Digital Media, University of Washington), Stella Hughes (Senior Information Officer, UNESCO), Scott Jaschik (Editor of Inside Higher Ed). In total, more than 40 speakers will feature in the three-day world level conference (16-18 June 2011).

References:
http://www.universityworldnews.com/
http://www.worldviewsconference.com/

24 March 2011

Philip G. Altbach

Philip G. Altbach

Philip G. Altbach is now the J. Donald Monan, S. J., professor of Higher Education and director of the Center for International Higher Education at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. He has been a senior associate of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of the Teaching.  Altbach holds BA, MA, and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago and has taught at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the State University of New York at Buffalo. There, he directed the Comparative Education Center and chaired the Department of Educational Organization, Administration and Policy. The other notable institutions he also has given contribution include Harvard University, Peking University, Stanford University, Institut de Sciences Politiques Paris, and University of Mumbai India.

Current affiliation
Monan University
Professor in Educational Leadership and Higher Education

Education
Ph.D, University of Chicago
A.M., University of Chicago
A.B., University of Chicago

Expertise/Interests
Comparative education, history, and philosophy of higher education; international education; student political activism; the academic profession; knowledge networks

Recent publications
Leadership for World-Class Universities: Challenges for Developing Countries.  New York and London: Routledge, 2010.
Trends in Global Higher Education: Tracking an Academic Revolution. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College Center for International Higher Education; also published by UNESCO, Paris. (co-authors: Liz Reisberg and Laura Rumbley).
Tradition and Transition: The International Imperative in Higher Education. Rotterdam, the Netherlands: SensePublishers, 2007; also published by the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College; Chinese translation by the Peking University Press.
International Comparison of Academic Salaries: An Exploratory Study. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College Center for International Higher Education, 2008. (co-authors: Laura Rumbley and Ivan Pacheco)
Higher Education in the New Century: Global Challenges and Innovative Ideas. Rotterdam, the Netherlands: SensePublishers, 2007. (co-author: Patti McGill Peterson)
Worldclass Worldwide: Transforming Research Universities in Asia and Latin America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007; Chinese translation by the Shanghai Jiaotong University Press; Japanese translation by Toshindo Publishers, Tokyo. (co-author: Jorge Balan)
International Handbook of Higher Education. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer, 2006. 2 volumes. (co-author: James J. F. Forest).

Honors
1. Erudite Scholar award (Government of Kerala, India, 2009); 2. Distinguished Career Award (Higher Education Group of the Comparative and International Education Society, 2010); 3. Guest Professor (the Graduate School of Education of Peking University, China and the Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China); 4. Distinguished Scholar Leader (Fulbright New Century Scholar Program, 2007-2008); 5. Who's Who in America (1988-2011 editions); 6. Who's Who in the East (1986-2011 editions); 7. Who's Who in Finance and Management (1991-1992 editions); 8. Who's Who in American Education (1994-2011 editions); 9. Fulbright Foundation (senior research professor in India and lecturer in Singapore and Malaysia); 10. Japan Foundation for the Promotion of Science; 11. German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD); and 12. Onwell Foundation of the University of Hong Kong.

Professional Activities
Member of the International Advisory Council of the Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
Chair of the International Advisory Committee of the Graduate School of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.

Sources:

17 March 2011

Academy Awards (Oscar) winners for Best Foreign Language Film

What do you know about Academy Awards? The AMPAS' (Academy Motion Picture Arts and Sciences) world-class movie awarding nicknamed "Oscar" has been for decades the most wanted event in cinema world. The awards are given to many categories. You must know the winning actors, actresses, films, or directors. They are famous people whom millions of fans familiar with. Here, I would like to remind you to one of interesting classifications of the Awards, the Best Foreign Language Film. The "foreign language" phrase refers to any movie presented in language other than English.

None of the previous editions of the Academy Awards listed this category until 1947, when the committee held Special/Honorary Awards to the best foreign language films released in the United States. In the 29th Academy Awards, this categorization was held as Academy Award of Merit, or the Best Foreign Language Film Award.

Here come the all time winners of the Best Foreign Language Film of the Academy Awards....

Special/Honorary Award

1947 Shoe-Shine (Sciuscia) - Italy; Italian
1948 Monsieur Vincent (Monsieur Vincent) - France; French
1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette) - Italy; Italian
1950 The Walls of Malapaga (Au-dela des grilles/Le mura di Malapaga) - France/Italy; Frency/Italian
1951 Rashomon (Rashomon) - Japan; Japanese
1952 Forbidden Games (Jeux interdits) - France; French
1953 not held.
1954 Gate of Hell (Jigokumon) - Japan; Japanese
1955 Samurai, The Legend of Musashi (Miyamoto Musashi) - Japan/Japanese

Academy Award of Merit

1956 La Strada (La Strada) - Italy/Italian
1957 The Nights of Cabiria (Le notti di Cabiria) - Italy; Italian
1958 My Uncle (Mon oncle) - France; French
1959 Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) - France; Portuguese
1960 The Virgin Spring (Jungfrukallan) - Sweden; Swedish/German
1961 Through a Glass Darkly (Sasom i en spegel) - Sweden; Swedish
1962 Sundays and Cybele (Les Dimanches de Ville d'Avray) - France; French
1963 Federico Fellini's 8 1/2 (8 1/2) - Italy; Italian/English/French/German
1964 Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (leri, oggi, domani) - Italy; Italian
1965 The Shop on Main Street (Obchod na korze) - Czechoslovakia; Slovak/Yiddish
1966 A Man and a Woman (Un homme et un femme) - France; French
1967 Closely Watched Trains (Ostre sledovane vlaky) - Czechoslovakia; Czech/German
1968 War and Peace (Voyna i mir) - Soviet Union; Russian
1969 Z (Z) - Algeria; French
1970 Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (Indagine su un cittadino al di spora di ogni sospetto) - Italy; Italian
1971 The Garden of the Finzi Continis (Il giardino dei Finzi-Contini) - Italy; Italian
1972 The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (Le Charme discret de la bourgeoisie) - France; French/Spanish
1973 Day for Night (La Nuit americaine) - France; French/English
1974 Amarcord (Amarcord) - Italy; Italian/Romagnolo
1975 Dersu Uzala (Dersu Uzala) - Soviet Union; Russian
1976 Black and White in Color (La Victoire en chantant) - Ivory Coast; French
1977 Madame Rosa (La Vie devant soi) - France; French
1978 Get Out Your Handkerchiefs (Preparez vos mouchoirs) - France; French
1979 The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel) - West Germany; German/Hebrew/Italian/Polish/Russian
1980 Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears (Moskva slezam ne verit) - Soviet Union; Russian
1981 Mephisto (Mephisto) - Hungary; German/English/Hungarian
1982 Volver a Empezar ('To Begin Again'/Volver a empezar) - Spain; Spanish/English
1983 Fanny & Alexander (Fanny och Alexander) - Sweden; Swedish/English/German/Yiddish
1984 Dangerous Moves (La Diagonale du fou) - Switzerland; French
1985 The Official Story (La historia oficial) - Argentina; Spanish
1986 The Assault (De Aanslag) - the Netherlands; Dutch/English/German
1987 Babette's Feast (Babettes gaestebud) - Denmark; Danish/French/Swedish
1988 Pelle the Conqueror (Pelle Erobreren) - Denmark; Danish/Scanian/Swedish
1989 Cinema Paradiso (Nuovo cinema Paradiso) - Italy; Italian/English/Portuguese
1990 Journey of Hope (Reise der Hoffnung) - Switzerland; German/Turkish
1991 Meditteraneo (Meditteraneo) - Italy; Italian/English/Greek/Turkish
1992 Indochine (Indochine) - France; French/Vietnamese
1993 Belle Epogue (Belle Epogue) - Spain; Spanish
1994 Burnt by the Sun (Utomlyonne solnstem) - Russia; Russian/French
1995 Antonia's Line (Antonia) - the Netherlands; Dutch
1996 Kolya (Kolja) - Czech Republic; Czech/Russian/Slovak
1997 Character (Karakter) - the Netherlands; Dutch/English/French/German
1998 Life is Beautiful (La vita e bella) - Italy; Italian/English/German
1999 All About My Mother (Todo sobre mi madre) - Spain; Spanish/Catalan/English
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Wohu Canglong) - Taiwan; Mandarin
2001 No Man's Land (Nicija zemlja) - Bosnia & Herzegovina; Bosnian/English/French/German
2002 Nowhere in Africa (Nirgendwo in Afrika) - Germany; German/English/Swahili
2003 The Barbarian Invasions (Les Invasions barbares) - Canada; French/English
2004 The Sea Inside (Mar adentro) - Spain; Spanish/Catalan/Galician
2005 Tsotsi (Tsotsi) - South Africa; Tsotsitaal/Afrikaans/English
2006 The Lives of Others (Das Leben der Anderen) - Germany; German
2007 The Counterfeiters (De Faelscher) - Austria; German
2008 Departures (Okuribito) - Japan; Japanese
2009 The Secret in Their Eyes (El secreto de sus ojos) - Argentina; Spanish
2010 In a Better World (Haevnen) - Denmark; Danish/Swedish/English

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14 March 2011

Pray for Japan : "Be strong!!"

Japan shocked the world by a massive disaster caused by tsunami. This kind of natural disaster is truly mean, massive, and destructive. Thousands of Japaneses lost their lives as the natural phenomenon, typically derived from the sea, hit this Eastern Asian country on March 11th, 2011. The world mourns again just like being shown in Haiti and Indonesia. The term "tsunami" itself is definitely derived from the Japanese, meaning "harbor wave" ("Tsunami Terminology", NOAA). It is a catalysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption (www.wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=tsunami).


Although history records hat tsunami occurred in Santorini, Greece, ca. 1600 BC, Japan, where the terminology is derived, is more common with this kind of disaster. Tsunami has struck Japan many times. Below are the list of notable tsunami disasters through the history of Japan.

Year : Location
684 : Hakuho (8.4 on Richter's scale)
869 : Sendai (1,000 deaths)
887 : Ninna Nankai
1293 : Kamakura (7.1 on Richter's scale; 23,000 deaths)
1361 : Shohei Nankai (8.4 on Richter's scale; 660 deaths)
1498 : Meio Nankai (7.5 on Richter's scale; 40,000 deaths)
1605 : Keicho Nankaido (8.1 on Richter's scale)
1698 : Seikaido-Nankaido
1707 : Hoei (8.4 on Richter's scale; 29,000 deaths)
1741 : W. Hokkaido (1,467 deaths)
1771 : Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa (7.4 on Richter's scale; 12,000 deaths)
1854 : Nankai, Tokai, and Kyushu (7.4-8,4 on Richter's scale; 100,000 deaths)
1855 : Edo (10,000 deaths)
1896 : Meiji Sanriku (27,000 deaths)
1923 : Kanto (100,000 deaths)
1933 : Showa Sanriku (3,000 deaths)
1944 : Tonankai (1,223 deaths)
1946 : Nankaido (8.4 on Richter's scale; 1,500 deaths)
1964 : Niigata (28 deaths)
1983 : Japan Sea (7.7 on Richter's scale)
1993 : Okushiri, Hokkaido (7.8 on Richter's scale)
2007 : Niigata (6.8 on Richter's scale)
2011 : Pacific Coast of Japan (9.0 on Richter's scale; 20,000 deaths (estimated, under investigation))

The latest news noticed that worry even grows bigger as the side-impact of the current tsunami is terrifying. A nuclear reactor blast has caused problems for the environment as well as for humans.  But all Japanese people must not lose their strengths because this disaster has been common to them. May they be relieved soon. It is the only thing we can contribute when Mother Nature shows her anger.

Video credit: YouTube | videolibraryguy

9 March 2011

Yevgeny Sadovy

photo credit: visualrian.com
 
Yevgeny Viktorovich Sadovy is a Summer Olympic gold medalist in swimming. The swimmer born on January 19, 1973, in Volgograd (USSR), was one of the olympic stars in Barcelona edition of 1992. He represented the former Soviet Union, under the flag of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Sadovy succeeded to reward three gold medals for his contingent. He competed in three events (200 metres freestyle, 400 metres freestyle, and 4x200 metres freestyle relay) and swept them all, converting into the priceless Gold Medals. Of the three final events, Sadovy hit Olympic Records in 200-m freestyle and even World Records in 400-m freestyle. He remained the event's World Records holder before an Australian teenager namely? Yes, everybody must know him: Ian Thorpe, broke it eight years later in Sydney 2000.

Sadovy started his swimming long-remembered career at only six years old. It was in 1981 when he and his family moved to Volgograd. He only needed two years to attend an international competitions. Before his famous victory in Barcelona, in 1991 Sadovy  won gold medals in two events (400-m freestyle and 4x200-m freestyle relay) in the European Championships held in Athens, Greece.  Post Barcelona Summer Games, Sadovy still put his name on the headlines in another European Championships held in Sheffield, United Kingdom. He won two freestyle relays plus a silver medal in 200-m freestyle event.

Yevgeny Sadovy, who used to admit that he was powerless and suffering health problem in the twilight career due to his overtraining towards the golden achievement in the olympic games, closed his shiny career in September 1996.

References:

www.yevgeny-sadovyi.co.tv
www.sports-reference.com
www.highbeam.com

8 March 2011

The Centennial-International Women's Day: 1911-2011

Photo credit: http://www.plymouth.gov.uk/textonly/banneriwd460.jpg

Today is 8th day of March. The day has been special one for women all around the world since 1911, because it is admitted to be the International Women's Day. This special moment is a global day, which celebrates the economic, political and social achievements of women past, present, and future. The first International Women's Day events took place in 1911. Meanwhile, the current events are taking place under the theme of Global Centenary Year.

The theme mounted by the United Nations for the 2011 IWD celebration deals with equal access to education, training, and science and technology. These aspects are believed to be the path to decent work for women.

The history:

Actually the first International Women's Day was commemorated on 19 March 1911 in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. This event was proposed during the Socialist International meeting at the beginning of the year. Later, in 1975, during the International Women's year, the United Nations decided to have the eighth day of March as the official date for the International Women's Day. In 1977, the General Assembly adopted a resolution that announced a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace. This momentum is also known as "message from the Secretary-General".

Below are events related to the 2011 International Women's Day:

1. UN Women: events around the world to commemorate International Women, organized and co-sponsored by UN Women.
2. United Nations in Geneva: celebrating the 100 anniversary of International Women's Day with the UN in Geneva.
3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO): launch of the 2010-2011 edition of the State of Food and Agriculture report, in which closing the gender gap in agriculture becomes the major theme.
4. International Labour Organization (ILO): ILO celebrates International Women's Day.
5. ILO and UN Women: award ceremony on prevention of sexual harassment in the workplace.
6. International Telecommunication Union (ITU): high-level debate on "Goodby to the IT girl: Why are young women deserting technology?"
7. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP): commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of International Women's Day.
8. United Nations Educational, Scientifid and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): UNESCO celebrates International Women's Day 2011; Launch of the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2011 "The Hidden Crisis: Armed Conflict and Education."; UNESCO launches Women Make the Events 2011.
9. World Health Organization (WHO): 100th Anniversary of International Women's Day.
10. United Nations Information Service (UNIS) Vienna, Austria: Panel discussion on "100 years International Women's Day: Time to celebrate? Achievements and Prospects."
11. United Nations Regional Information Center for Western Europe (UNRIC): International Women's Day Event in Brussels, Belgium.

References:
www.historyorb.com/events/march/8
www.internationalwomensday.com/theme/
www.un.org/womenwtch/feature/iwd/

7 March 2011

Environmental-based diseases

Photo credit: http://www.treehugger.com/coal-plant-damage-environment.jpg


As environment gets more dirty and complex nowadays, more health disorders become apparent in society. It must be a serious problem that prohibits the health development of the affected people. Pollution has become quite severe as people sometimes show negative behaviors towards their environment. In industrial era like we are within today, it is difficult to find, for instance, fresh air with clean water place to live. Accordingly, in addition to the disease risks, stress also follows. All disorders combine to degrade the quality of life. In some future times to go, healthy environment is probably rarely found if such bad habits continue.

Disease is a pathological condition, in which functions and/or morphology of an organ is disordered. Environment is anything, which lies around the organ (dead or living things, either abstract or concrete) as well as a situation formed by interaction between elements within the nature. Environmental-based disease is a pathological condition in which function and morphological disorders of particular body organ caused by the interaction between humans and their exposed things, which have potentials to grow the disease.

Environmental-based disease has been for years a serious problem. For examples, respiratory tract infection and diarhea are the environmental-based disorders which always top chart in the ten most dangerous diseases reported by Public Health Centers in Indonesia.

According to the report of Profil Ditjen PP & PL tahun 2006, approximately 22.30% of the total infant deaths in Indonesia were caused by pneumonia, whereas the morbidity of the diarhea had risen for years; in 1996, 280 per 100 population and in 2003 rose to 347 per 1000 population. Accordingly, the environmental-based disease prevention should take account for the course and pathogenetic process in order to perform the right interventions.

The environmental components that contribute the disease pathogenesis, which become the transmitting media, include air, water, foods, animals, and human. Whereas other components with significant effect consist of behaviors, nutrition status, and knowledge.

Disease sources are those acting constant behaviors to produce disease agents. These disease agents are the environmental components that may cause disorders, either in direct or indirect manners (through the transmitters). Some of the agents include as follows: biological agents (bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, amoeba); chemical agents (heavy metals such Pb and Hg, pollutant waters; asphyxiants; dust and fibers (such as asbetos and silicon); and pesticides.

Indonesian footbal: the victim of political interests?

Photo credit: lagabola.com
Indonesian football is having hard times. A tension heightens between the country’s football top federation, PSSI, and those distrusting the integrity and competency of the organization’s officials. Protests have been turning into anarchism as Nurdin Halid, the current president of PSSI, refuses to step down his position. The quite success during the AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 can not help easing the disappointment of Indonesian football fans with the organization’s poor management and performance under the leadership of Nurdin Halid.

Indonesian football development has been an intriguing phenomenon. It is difficult to determine which one is on the right decision as many parties get involved. Many interests irritate the final decision to be made. Meanwhile, the demonstrants tend to do anything to show their disappointment. PSSI as the Indonesian FA is under pressure.

To larger extent, Indonesia is still struggling a good capacity-building since its reform era by the downfall of the New Order regime. Poor organizational management is still found in many aspects of life, including in the sports. PSSI as the top organization of the Indonesian football is a great expectation of the fans. Unfortunately, the organization is equipped by individuals with poor integrity and competency. Political intervention is likely dominating the decision-making and policy-making processes. PSSI has become a medium of battle-of-interest of some powerful groups in the country.

Poor management of PSSI is a complex matter because of its independent status from the government. It is legally stated by the FIFA statue. History has recorded bans on some countries where government intervention leading to sanctions for their football activities. Nevertheless, FIFA always provides tolerance under particular circumstance, i. e., a situation that forces the government to defunct the football association due to its inability to run the organization. In case of Indonesia, the conflict is likely to be misled for somewhat commodity to grab sympathy from the people. The government of Indonesia does not have a goodwill to fix the problems as soon as possible.

Big achievement can only be obtained by the greatest struggle. It also costs much and sacrifices a lot. There seems a fear of sanction from the FIFA due to the intervention of the government. However, if such effort must be the only way out, there is nothing else to do about it. Or, is there any hidden agenda behind this unrest??
Photo credit: klangart.ch

6 March 2011

Football Leagues of the Former Yugoslavia 2010/2011

Yugoslavia is unique for it has an interesting history. In the past time, the territory consisted of many ethnics and nations. Later on, they were united into the Federation Republic of Yugoslavia. The wind of change in the 1990s, unfortunately following the civil war, the country broke up into several independence countries. The football history of Yugoslavia has been outstanding and one of the best achievers, either in the World Cup or the European Cup. At present, Each country, except the newly formed Kosovo, has its own football league. Below are club participants of the top levels of football professional league in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, and Macedonia for the current season (2010/2011).

Note: names in parenthesis are the club's stadia.

SERBIA SUPERLIGA (Superliga Srbije)

1. FK Borac Cacak (Cacak), 2. FK BSK Borca (Borca), 3. FK Cukaricki Stankom (Cukarikci), 4. FK Hajduk (Hajduk), 5. FK Indija (FK Indija), 6. FK Jagodina (FK Jagodina), 7. FK Javor Ivanjica (Ivanjica), 8. FK Metalac Gornji Milanovic (FK Metalac), 9. FK Partizan (FK Partizan), 10. FK Rad (Kralj Petar I), 11. FK Sloboda Point Sevojno (FK Sloboda), 12. FK Smederevo (FK Smederevo), 13. FK Spartak Subotica (Subotica City), 14. FK Vojvodina (Karadorde), 15. OFK Beograd (Omladinski), 16. FK Crvena zvezda (FK Crvena zvezda).
website: www.superliga.rs

MONTENEGRO (Prva crnogorska fudbalska liga)

1. FK Buducnost Podgorica, 2. FK Decic Tuzi, 3. FK Grbalj Radanovici, 4. FK Mladost Pogorica, 5. FK Mogren Budva, 6. FK Mornar Bar, 7. FK Rudar Pljevlja, 8. FK Sutjeska Niksic, 9. FK Zeta Golubovci, 10. OFK Bar, 11. OFK Petrovac.
website: www.fscg.co.me

SLOVENIA (Prva Slovenska nogometna liga)

1. FC Koper, 2. ND HiT Gorica, 3. ND Triglav Kranj, 4. NK CM Celje, 5. NK Domzale, 6. NK Maribor, 7. NK Nafta Lendava, 8. NK Olimpija Ljublana, 9. NK Primorje, 10. NK Rudar Velenje.
website: www.prvaliga.si

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA (Prva Liga)

1. FK Borac Banja Luka (City), 2. FK Buducnost Banovici (Gradski Banovici), 3. FK Drina Zvornik (Gradski Zvornik), 4. FK Leotar Trebinje (Police), 5. FK Olimpik Sarajevo (Otoka), 6. FK Sarajevo (Asim Ferhatovic Hase), 7. FK Slavija (Gradski SRC Slavija), 8. FK Sloboda Tuzla (Tusanj), 9. FK Zeljeznicar (Grbavica), 10. HSK Zrinjski Mostar (Bijeli Brijeg), 11. NK Celik Zenica (Bilino Polje), 12. NK Siroki Brijeg (Pecara), 13. NK Travnik (Pirota), 14. NK Zvijezda Gradacac (Banja Ilidza), 15. FK Rudar Prijedor (Gradski Prijedor).
website: www.nfsbih.net/premier.aspx

MACEDONIA (Prva Makedonska Fudbalska Liga)

1. FK Bregalnica Stip, 2. FK Metalurg Skopje, 3. FK Napredok, 4. FK Pelister, 5. FK Rabotnicki, 6. FK Renova, 7. FK Sileks, 8. FK Skopje, 9. FK Skendija 79, 10. FK Teteks, 11. FK Turnovo, 12. FK Vardar
website: www.ffm.com.mk

1 March 2011

DFB Cup (DFB Pokal) 2010/2011

DFB Cup (DFB Pokal) is a cup held by the German Football Association (DFB) for club cup competition. The participants of the Cup are not only Bundesliga teams, but also those from the lower divisions.

FIRST ROUND RESULTS (13-16 August 2010)

VfL Osnabrueck v 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2-3 (aet)
SV Wilhelmshaven v Eintracht Frankfurt 0-4
FC Ingolstadt v Karlsruher SC 2-0
VfB Luebeck v MSV Duisburg 0-2
FSV Frankfurt v SC Paderborn 2-0
SSV Jahn Regensburg v Arminia Bielefeld 1-1 (aet, 5-6 on penalties)
Wacker Burghausen v Borussia Dortmund 0-3
SV Babelsberg 03 v VfB Stuttgart 2-1
Rot Weiss Ahlen v Werder Bremen 0-4
Hansa Rostock v 1899 Hoffenheim 0-4
FK Primasens v Bayer Leverkusen 1-11
FC Oberneuland v SC Freiburg 0-1
Chemintzer FC v FC St. Pauli 1-0
SC Pfullendorf v Hertha BSC Berlin 0-2
SC Verl v TSV 1860 Muenchen 1-2
Erzgebirge Aue v Borussia Moenchengladbach 1-3
Eintracht Braunschweig v SpVgg Greuther Fuerth 1-2 (aet)
SV Elversberg v Hannover 96 0-0 (aet, 5-4 on penalties)
SV Sandhausen v FC Augsburg 4-4 (aet, 1-4 on penalties)
ZFC Meuselwitz v 1. FC Koeln 0-2
Schwarz-Weiss Essen v Alemannia Aachen 1-2
TuS Koblenz v Fortuna Duesseldorf 1-0
Victoria Hamburg v Rot-Weiss Oberhausen 1-0
TuS Heeslingen v Energie Cottbus 1-2
Eintracht Trier v 1. FC Nuernberg 0-2
Berliner AK v FSV Mainz 05 1-2
Torgelower SV Greif v Hamburg SV 1-5
Preussen Muenster v VfL Wolfsburg 1-2
Kickers Offenbach v VfL Bochum 3-0
Hallescher FC v FC Union Berlin 1-0
Germania Windeck v Bayern Muenchen 0-4
VfR Aalen v Schalke 04 1-2

SECOND ROUND RESULTS (26-27 October 2010)

Bayern Muenchen v Werder Bremen 2-1
Eintracht Frankfurt v Hamburg SV 5-2
Borussia Moenchengladbach v Bayer Leverkusen 6-5 (aet, penalties)
Energie Cottbus v SC Freiburg 2-1
FSV Frankfurt v Schalke 04 0-1
1899 Hoffenheim v FC Ingolstadt 1-0
Alemannia Aachen v FSV Mainz 05 2-1
1. FC Kaiserslautern v Arminia Bielefeld 3-0
Kickers Offenbach v Borussia Dortmund 4-2 (aet, penalties)
SC Victoria Hamburg v VfL Wolfsburg 1-3
SV Elversberg v 1. FC Nuernberg 0-3
Chemnitzer FC v VfB Stuttgart 1-3 (aet)
SpVgg Greuther Fuerth v FC Augsburg 2-4 (aet)
TuS Koblenz v Hertha BSC Berlin 2-1
Hallescher FC v MSV Duisburg 0-3

THIRD ROUND RESULTS (21-22 December 2010 & 19 January 2011)

VfB Stuttgart v FC Bayern Muenchen 3-6
1899 Hoffenheim v Borussia Moenchengladbach 2-0
VfL Wolfsburg v FC Energie Cottbus 1-3
1. FC Koeln v MSV Duisburg 1-2
Alemannia Aachen v Eintracht Frankfurt 1-1 (aet, 5-3 on penalties)
Kickers Offenbach v FC Nuernberg 0-2
Tus Koblenz v 1. FC Kaiserslautern 1-4

QUARTER-FINAL RESULTS (25-26 January 2011)

FC Schalke 04 v 1. FC Nuernberg 3-2 (aet)
Energie Cottbus v 1899 Hoffenheim 1-0
Alemannia Aachen v Bayern Muenchen 0-4
MSV Duisburg v 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2-0

SEMIFINAL RESULTS (1-2 March 2011)

FC Bayern Muenchen v FC Schalke 04 0-1
MSV Duisburg v FC Energie Cottbus 2-1

DFB POKAL 2010/2011 FINALE

FC Schalke 04 v MSV Duisburg
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