17 September 2009

Sergei Mikhalkov

MOSCOW (Reuters) -- Sergei Mikhalkov, who wrote the Soviet Union's national anthem under Josef Stalin and then reworked his rousing lyrics for a new generation of Russians under Vladimir Putin, has died. He was 96. Mikhalkov, also a children's poet, died at a Moscow hospital on August 27, the ITAR-TASS news agency reported, citing his relatives. The patriotic verses he wrote in 1944, lavishing praise upon Stalin, replaced the communist "Internationale," whose call for global communist revolution sat uneasily with wartime alliances. Set to music by Aleksandr Aleksandrov, the anthem was dedicated to the might of the Soviet Union and victorious battles to come. "Great Stalin brought up to serve the people, he inspired us to work and heroic deeds," the anthem declared. The verses, written with Gabriel El-Registan, were abandoned in the 1950s when Nikita Khrushchev launched his short-lived de-Stalinization campaign. The hymn was then played without words until the 1970s when Mikhalkov reworked it to replace Stalin with the founder of the Soviet state, Vladimir Lenin. After the collapse of communism and the Soviet Union, Russia adopted a new tune based on the music of Mikhail Glinka.

Mikhalkov was born to Vladimir Alexandrovich Mikhalkov and Olga Mikhailovna (née Glebova). Mikhalkov stemmed from the noble family of Mikhalkovs and had tsarist admirals, governors, and princes among his grandparents. Since the 1930s, he has rivalled Korney Chukovsky and Agniya Barto as the most popular poet writing for Russophone children. His poems about enormously tall "Uncle Styopa" ("Дядя Стёпа") enjoyed particular popularity.

As a 29-year-old in 1942, Mikhalkov's work drew the attention of the Soviet Union's leader Joseph Stalin, who commissioned him to write lyrics for a new national anthem. At the time, the country was deeply embroiled in World War II and Stalin wanted a Russian theme for the national anthem, to replace the Internationale.

Mikhalkov penned words to accompany a musical score by the composer Alexander Alexandrov (1883–1946) that became known as National Anthem of the Soviet Union. The new anthem was presented to Stalin in the summer of 1943 and was introduced as the country's new anthem on January 1, 1944.

Use of the Soviet anthem, with Mikhalkov's lyrics, continued until 1991, when it was retired by President Boris Yeltsin after the USSR disintegrated. However, when Vladimir Putin took over from Yeltsin in 2000, he began to clamor for a restoration of Alexandrov's music in place of Yeltsin's choice.


14 September 2009

WTA World Tours 2009 : Singles Winners

Brisbane International : Victoria Azarenka ASB Classic Auckland : Elena Dementieva Moorilla Hobart International Petra Kvitova Medibank International : Elena Dementieva Australia Open Grand Slam : Serena Williams Open GDF Suez Paris : Amelie Mauresmo PTT Pattaya Womens Open : Vera Zvonareva Barclays Dubai Tennis Championships : Venus Williams Regions Morgan Keegan Championships : Victoria Azarenka Copa Colsanitas Bogota : Maria Jose Martinez Sanchez Abierto Mexicano Telcel Acapulco : Venus Williams Monterrey Open : Marion Bartoli BNP Paribas Open Indian Welss : Victorna Zvonareva Sony Ericsson Open Miami : Jelena Jankovic Andalusia Group Championships Florida : Caroline Wozniacki Barcelona Ladies Open : Roberta Vinci Family Circle Cup South Carolina : Sabine Lisicki Grand Prix De SAR La Princesse Lalla Meryem, Morocco : Anabel Medina Porsche Tennis Grand Prix Stuttgart : Svetlana Kuznetsova Internazionali BNL d'Italia Roma : Dinara Safina Estoril Open : Yanina Wickmayer Mutua Madrilena Masters Madrid : Dinara Safina Warsaw Open : Alexandra Dulgheru Internationaux de Strausbourg : Aravane Rezai Roland Garros Grand Slam : Svetlana Kuznetzova AEGON Classic Birmingham : Magdalena Rybarikova AEGON International Eastbourne : Caroline Wozniacki Ordina Open s-Hertogenbosch Nederland : Tamarine Tanasugarn Wimbledon Grand Slam : Serena Williams Collector Swedish Open : Maria Jose Martinez Sanchez Gaz de France Grand Prix Budapest : Agnes Szavay ECM Prague Open : Sybille Bammer Internazionali femminili di Palermo : Flavia Pennetta Gastein Ladies Austria : Andrea Petkovic Banka Kopera Slovenia Open : Dinara Safina Bank of the West Classic Stanford, California : Marion Bartoli Istanbul Cup : Vera Dushevina LA Women's Tennis Championships : Flavia Pennetta Western and Southern Womens Open Cincinnati : Jelena Jankovic Rogers Cup Toronto : Elena Dementieva Pilot Pen Tennis Presented By Schick New Haven ; Caroline Wozniacki US Open Grand Slam : Kim Clijsters Bell Challenge Quebec City : Melinda Czink Guangzhou International Womens Open : Shahar Peer Hansol Korea Open Seoul : Kimiko Date Krumm Tashkent Open : Shahar Peer Toray Pan Pacific Open Tokyo : Maria Sharapova Upcoming events ... China Open Beijing HP Japan Womens Open Tennis Osaka : Generali Ladies Linz Austria : BGL BNP Paribas Open Luxembourg : Kremlin Cup Moscow : Sony Ericsson Championships Doha : Commonwealth Bank Tournament of Champions Bali Indonesia :

12 September 2009

Silvia Neid: the Greatest Women Footballer in Germany

As a player
Silvia Neid's career as a player began at SV Schlierstadt, later renamed to Klinge Seckach. She stayed with the club until 1983 when she signed up with SSG Bergisch Gladbach, then the dominant team in German football. She won the double with SSG in 1984, but moved to TSV Siegen after a titleless 1985 season. The club had its best years in the time Silvia Neid played for Siegen, winning six championships and five cups. When coach Gerd Neuser stopped coaching Siegen in 1994 Neid wanted to leave Siegen for SG Praunheim, but the club did not want to let her.
As an international she had her debut on 10 November 1982 against Switzerland, being swapped in in the 41st minute. She scored her first immediately after being on the field for only a minute and scrored another goal later in the game.
Neid won the UEFA Women's Championship three times (in 1989, 1991, and 1995) with the German team, and finished the 1995 World Championships as runner-up. Her last game was at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta against Brazil.
As a coach
Prior to becoming head coach, she coached the under-19 German women's national football team, winning the 2004 World Championship with them, and finishing the Women's Championship as runner-up. In 2005–06 Neid led the German team to the qualification for the 2007 World Championship. Germany defeated Brazil 2–0 in the final of the tournament. In 2008 she led the German team to the Bronze medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics.
The reign World and European Champions
The Women's European Championships concluded as almost everyone thought they would - with a German victory here in Helsinki. The 6-2 win over England gave the Germans their fourth women's Euro title in a row, German dominance of this event is total, with the team having won every single game they've played in the competition since 1999.
Development is the key to success
Silvia Neid's team have achieved this with an astounding level of support from their federation, the Deutsch Fussball Bund (DFB). Basking in the glory of her team's win in Helsinki, German coach Silvia Neid was quick to praise the backing women's football has received from the DFB.
"When we started in 82 in our first national team game, I was in that squad," the six-time European champion (three as a player, three as a coach) told the press. "At first we didn't qualify for the European championships, the first time we did that was in 89. We were underdogs then but we won that tournament. It's not surprising because we have good infrastructure, a good league, a good coaching network, a good scouting network and this victory is the result of that."
Development is the key word when talking about minority sports, and women's football is still, alas, a minority sport in Europe. Most of the teams would like better resources and more media attention. Finland's Jessica Julin gave a mid-tournament interview lambasting the lack of coverage given to women's football. She'd previously complained that - in contrast to Finland's men's team, who travel first class - the women had to 'wake up at three in the morning to catch the cheapest possible flight.'
Tale of the tape Date of birth 2 May 1964 Place of birth Wallduern, Germany Youth career: 1975-1980 SV Schlierstadt Senior career: 1980-1983 Klinge Seckach; 1983-1985 SSG Bergisch Gladbach; 1985-1986 TSV Siegen National team: 1982-1996 Germany (111/48) Story references: Photo references:

Thatcher disagreed with German ReUnification ?

It is rare that one gets a peek into the private discussions that world leaders like to hold behind closed doors. But occasionally, decades after the events themselves, word of what was said under the most confidential of circumstances leaks out. This is what "The Times" of London reveals today. The subject: How much British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher worried about the prospect of German reunification on the eve of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The newspaper’s source is copies of Kremlin records smuggled out of Moscow to London in the early 1990s by a young Russian researcher, Pavel Stroilov. Stroilov reportedly copied more than 1,000 transcripts of Politburo discussions, including meetings and talks with foreign leaders. The transcripts were part of state archives that went to the foundation of former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev after he left office in 1991, and where Stroilov was working. All the official transcripts were subsequently sealed, making Stroilov’s copies the only source for the information. "The Times" reports that Thatcher told Gorbachev in Moscow in 1989 – two months before the fall of the wall – that neither Britain nor Western Europe wanted the reunification of Germany and that she wanted the Soviet leader to do what he could to stop it. 'We Cannot Allow That' The newspaper also says that Thatcher said the breakdown of the Warsaw Pact was not in the West’s interests and that the West would not push for decommunization in Eastern Europe. "The Times" quotes the copied transcripts as recording her words this way: “We do not want a united Germany. This would lead to a change to postwar borders and we cannot allow that because such a development would undermine the stability of the whole international situation and could endanger our security.” She also says, “My understanding of your position is the following: You welcome each country developing in its own way, on condition that the Warsaw Pact remains in place. I understand this position perfectly.” Michael Binyon, the diplomatic correspondent for "The Times," who wrote the report, says that the transcripts shows Thatcher was much more vigorously opposed to reunification than had been generally assumed. "It is certainly well known that she was opposed to unification and that she did her best to persuade others not to go along with this," Binyon says. "But what we didn't know is that she actually went so vigorously directly to the Russians and said, 'You've got to stop it and don't listen to what we say officially, don't take any notice of NATO communiques, it is a danger to us and it's a danger to our security and what's more we would like to continue the division of Europe, as it were, with you looking after your side and we'll look after ours.' ” Source: Charles Recknagel | | content | British Paper Says Thatcher ..

10 September 2009

Road noise link to blood pressure

People living near noisy roads are at greater risk of developing high blood pressure, a Swedish study suggests.

A Lund University team found risk rose above an average daily exposure of 60 decibels, which accounts for about one in four people in western Europe.

They said it was likely noise caused stress - and maybe sleep disruption - leading to blood pressure problems.

But UK experts questioned the findings, saying other factors such as diet and smoking were more important.

Researchers analysed questionnaires completed by nearly 28,000 people as well as analysing neighbourhood traffic noise.

They found that at above 60 decibels the risk of high blood pressure rose by more than 25%.

Above 64 decibels the risk rose by more than 90% although the team cautioned that the low numbers in this group could have skewed the findings.

The report, published in the Environmental Health journal, said the findings were worrying as high blood pressure increased the chances of heart disease and stroke.

However, the link was not apparent for people above 60 years old. The researchers said this was either because they had become desensitised to the noise or already had high blood pressure.

Report author Theo Bodin said: "Road traffic noise is the most important source of community noise so we felt it was important to look at this.

"I think what we have found is probably linked to the noise triggering stress. Previous research has found this, although we need to look at this issue further before we make firm conclusions."

But Professor Alan Maryon-Davis, president of the UK's Faculty of Public Health, said: "It seems to me that they have found an association rather than a cause. Other factors, such as smoking, diet and deprivation, are likely to be playing more of a role.

"However, it is an area of research which merits further work."

Source: BBC NEWS | Health | Road noise ...

Hear they say after qualifying the South Africa 2010

Paraguay coach Gerardo Martino: "In the national team, you work for two possibilities - you can work for having a job or for making history. I want to work for the second option." Spanish midfielder Cesc Fabregas: "This goal is very important for me, especially for the confidence it gives me. It's a pleasure to play with these players and in front of these fans. Eight wins out of eight, not many countries can say that." England captain John Terry: "When we play like that, pressing and working the ball, we're a difficult opposition for any side. Don't forget, it's taken a year for us to get this good, and we've got a way to go to get to where we ultimately want to be. But we're on track." Ghana midfielder Michael Essien: "The people of Ghana wanted us to win and we did not let them down. What a fantastic feeling to be the first African country to qualify for the first World Cup to be staged in Africa." Brazil Coach Dunga: "We're happy. We beat a great team with great champions. Lionel Messi might be the best player in the world. We beat Argentina, which had not lost a match at home in qualifying." North Korea Coach Kim Jong-Hun: "It was so hot in Saudi Arabia and as you know the journey from Korea was long, but our belief in the ability of the players snatched the ticket to South Africa." Netherlands Coach Bert van Marwijk: "My goal was to qualify for the finals so now we have a year to prepare. Winning six straight World Cup qualifiers deserves a compliment." South Korea Coach Huh Jung-Moo: "I'm really happy that we made it. We are all satisfied with a performance that saw us ensure a place in South Africa. The players were excellent throughout the qualifiers, they did a great job." Australia Pim Verbeek: "The World Cup is a great, great event and I'm already looking forward to going there. We have to go and do it better than last time." Japan Takeshi Okada: "We played very well. I think we should continue playing this style in the remaining matches." Source: BBC Sport | Football | Internationals | Who qualified ....?

9 September 2009

Indonesia Bureaucratic Apparatus Reform

One of factors that affect public service quality is delay of transparent and accountable public service implementation. Therefore, this public service should be performed trasparently and accountably by every service unit of the government institutions in order to give impact of the bureaucratic performance in public service to the people welfare.
Effort to create a high quality, transparent, and accountable service, among others, has been legally promulgated within the State Apparatus Empowerment Minister Decree Number 63/KEP/M.PAN/7/2003 on General Principle of Public Service Administration. To give in depth explanation of the Decree, the government issued a supporting Act of the State Apparatus Empowerment Minister Decree Number KEP/26/M.PAN/2/2004 on Technical Guidance of Transparency and Accountability in the Public Service.
In addition to the quality of the public service, there must be a bureaucratic reform, in which reconstruction and modification of governmental system are prefereable, in particular, those related to institutional, managerial, and apparatus human resource aspects. Bureaucratic reform is implemented to create a good governnance. This reform, in addition, also becomes a strategic effort to build more empowered and more productive state apparatus ini carrying responsibilities to the governmental and developmental duties.
However, the bureaucratic reform can not apply effectively without adquate public control mechanism. The mechanism here relates to openness or transparency towards the public views by limiting confidentiality characteristics. In order to accommodate such target, the government, once again, has launched Government Act Number 14/2008 on Public Information Transparency.
One of important elements to implement a transparent state administration as part of public rights to get information access, the government should combat any individual interest that may deter the national goal towards common welfare in responsible manners. The rights on information access is also relevant with the needs for improving the people involvement in the process of desicision making. Public transparency is a significant aspect for the flow of the public information access.
Keywords: Transparency, Accountability, and Participation in public service improvement.

8 September 2009

Regulations of the UEFA/CAF Meridian Cup (Edition 2006)

Article 1: Scope of Application Article 2: Purpose of the Competition Article 3: Organisation and responsibilities Article 4: Participation in the Competition Article 5: Cup, medals and awards Article 6: Insurance Article 7: Competition system Article 8: Refereeing Article 9: Doping Article 10: Sending off the field of play Article 11: Unforeseen circumstances Article 12: Authoritative text Article 13: Adoption and entry into force Preamble: Based on Article 49(2c) and Article 50(1) of the UEFA Statutes as well as Article 23(11) and (19) of the CAF Statutes, the following regulations have been adopted: Article 1: Scope of application.
The present regulations govern the rights, duties and responsibilities of all parties participating in the UEFA/CAF Meridian Cup (hereinfater the Competition) or involved in its organisation.
Article 2: Purpose of the Competition. 1.The Competition aims at strengthening the relations and fostering the cooperation between the Confederation Africaine de Football (CAF) and the Union des associations europeennes de football (UEFA), according to their statutory objectives. 2.Furthermore, the Competition shall serve to promote: a.youth football in Africa and Europe; b.reciprocal contacts, understanding, acceptance and greaterknowledge of other cultures; c.the exchange of interpersonal, cultural and sporting values; d.friendship, tolerance and respect through an international youth football competition. Article 3: Organisation and responsibilities. 1.The Meridian Project Board, composed of representatives of both UEFA Executive Committee and CAF Executive Committee (hereinafter the Board), has the overall responsibility for the Competition. 2.The UEFA Administration is vested with the administrative running the Competition. 3.The UEFA Administration entrusts the national association appointed by the Board for each edition of the Competition (hereinafter the host association) with the organisation of the Competition. 4.The host association undertakes: stage the matches in the Competition in accordance with the present regulations; comply with the "UEFA Binding Safety and Security Regulations (2004 edition); observe the staging agreement signed with UEFA; make all necessary arrangements for the staging of the matches in the Competition. Article 4: Participation in the Competition. 1.The Competition is open to players: a.whose nationality entitles them to represent an national association which is a member of UEFA place. b.who are between 16 and 18 years old on 1 January of the year during which the Competition takes place. 2.Each player wanting to participate in the Competition is required to sign, jointly with his parents or legal guardian, the participation form whereby he agrees: abide by these regulations and to recognise the jurisdiction of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Lausanne (Switzerland), as provided for in the relevant statutory provisions of the confederation to which the national association he is entitled to represent on account of his nationality is affiliated (hereinafter the confederation); observe the principles of fair play and non violence, and to behave accordingly: refrain from anti-doping rule violations as defined by the regulations of the confederation concerned and to undergo any doping test as ordered by the Board; grant UEFA and CAF the right to use and authorise others to see - free of charge and throughout the world - photographic, audio-visual and visual material from him (including his names, relevant statistics, data and images) related to the Competition, for non-commercial purposes and as designated by UEFA and CAF; provide, in conjunction with his respective club and national association, for sufficient insurance coverage for himself, including not limited to accident insurance. 3.The participation forms must be submitted to the UEFA Administration within the deadline set by the latter for each edition of the Competition. 4.The UEFA Administration shall decide about the validity of the participation forms. Such decisions are final. Article 5 – Cup, medals and awards. 1. A Challenge cup – the “Meridian Cup” – is presented to the winning confederation and remains in its possession until the next Competition. UEFA is responsible for engraving the cup with the name of the winning confederation. 2. The winning confederation also receives a scaled-down replica of the challenge cup, which it may keep. 3. Thirty gold medals are presented to the winning confederation and thirty silver ones to the defeated confederation. 4. The top goal scorer of the Competition will receive a special award. 5. A Jury consisting of a representative from both CAF and UEFA will award the Fairplay Trophy to the confederation which best satisfied the Fairplay spirit and criteria. Article 6 – Insurance. 1. UEFA and CAF shall conclude the necessary insurances to cover their own risks related to the organisation of the Competiton. 2. The host association shall conclude all necessary insurance with reputable insurers, including but not limited to third-party liability coverage. 3. The players, in conjunction with their respective club and national association, are responsible for their own insurance coverage. In addition, UEFA and CAF shall conclude subsidiary third party liability insurance for their respective delegations (including players), to cover the risks not covered by the delegation members' own insurance. Article 7 – Competition system. 1 The Competition consists of two matches to be played in conformity with the Laws of the Game as promulgated by the International Football Association Board, between a European selection composed of 20 players (including two goalkeepers) entitled to represent a national association of UEFA and an African selection composed of 20 players (including two goalkeepers) entitled to represent a national association of CAF. 2 The Competition is played every two years. The match dates, venues and kick-off times are fixed by the Board for each edition of the Competition. 3 If the two teams involved score the same number of goals over the two legs, kicks from the penalty mark determine the winner of the Competition. No extra time will be played. The “Away Goal”-rule will not apply. 4 Each match in the Competition lasts 2 x 45 minutes. The half-time interval lasts 15 minutes. 5 Each player must start at least one of the two matches in the Competition. 6 The substitution of six field players per team is possible during the course of a match according to the following principles: a. A maximum of three field players can be changed during the second half. b. In addition a substitute goalkeeper can be introduced at any time. c. A player who has been substituted may take no further part in the match. Article 8 – Refereeing. One referee and one assistant referee from each confederation will be appointed by the Referees Committees of UEFA and CAF. Article 9 – Doping. 1 The Board may order doping tests to be carried out at any time in accordance with the UEFA Anti-Doping Regulations. 2 In case of anti-doping rule violations, the case will be reported to the disciplinary authority of the confederation concerned. This authority shall decide on sanctions in accordance with its disciplinary regulations. Article 10 – Sending off the field of play. 1 A player who has received a red card in the first match cannot take part in the second match. The case will be reported to the disciplinary authority of the confederation concerned. This authority may decide on further sanctions in accordance with its disciplinary regulations. 2 If a player has received a red card in the second match, the case will be reported to the disciplinary authority of the confederation concerned. This authority may decide on sanctions in accordance with its disciplinary regulations, but in any case the player concerned is suspended for at least the next official competition match of any representative team of the national association he is entitled to represent. Article 11 – Unforeseen circumstances. The Board will decide according to right and justice on any matters not provided for in these regulations. Such decisions are final. Article 12 – Authoritative text. If there is any discrepancy in the interpretation of the English, French or German versions of these regulations, the English version prevails. Article 13 – Adoption and entry into force. 1 These regulations were approved by the CAF and adopted by the Executive Committee of UEFA at its meeting on 8 December 2006. 2 They come into force on 1 January 2007. For the UEFA Executive Committee: Lennart Johansson President Lars-Christer Olsson Chief Executive Nyon, December 2006 Source: UEFA.

Hidup Sehat Dengan Hipertensi

Tekanan darah termasuk mekanisme tubuh untuk mempertahankan keadaan seimbang & keadaan sehat. Dalam keadaan normal tekanan darah adalah 120/80 mmHg (paling tinggi 140/80 mmHg): tekanan pada saat jantung berdenyut maksimum = 120 mmHg, pada saat jantung beristirahat maksimum 80 mmHg. Hipertensi adalah keadaan dimana tekanan darah lebih tinggi dari biasanya. Orang penderita hipertensi memiliki tekanan darah 160/95 pada beberapa kali pengukuran berturut-turut. Penyebab hipertensi: penyakit ginjal, gangguan endokrin, keracunan, kehamilan. Tapi penyebab lain juga bisa. Bahaya hipertensi: penyakit jantung koroner, stroke, penyakit ginjal, gangguan penglihatan. Keadaan lain yang beresiko hipertensi: metabolisme lemak abnormal, kebiasaan merokok, penyakit diabetes mellitus, kegemukan, kadar asam urat darah tinggi. Delapan langkah mencegah kambuhnya hipertensi: 1.periksa TD secara teratur; 2.jaga berat badan; 3.berhenti merokok; 4.berhenti minum alkohol; 5.lakukan latihan jasmani yang memadai; 6.hindari stres sedapat mungkin; 7.istirahat cukup; 8.taati petunjuk pemakaian obat dari dokter.
Terima kasih kepada BelajarInggris.Net atas kepercayaannya memilih tulisan saya menjadi salah satu pemenang dalam Lomba Blog 2010.