30 May 2009

Can Kindness Be Taught?

Source: Hannah Boyd

In an era when preschools take applications, middle school sports teams are semi-professional, and college admissions are more competitive than ever, the idea of a family taking time to practice “random acts of kindness” almost seems quaint. Still, experts say this is one tradition that’s far from outdated.

“Kindness improves students’ self-esteem and the school climate,” according to the Random Acts of Kindness Foundation, a nonprofit with the sole purpose of teaching people to be nice to each other. “Whether academically proficient or not, students are given a way to excel through kindness, and excel they do.”

It’s not only struggling students who benefit from spreading good will. During difficult or stressful times, taking positive action is empowering to students and adults alike. And kindness, a uniquely human trait, encourages empathy and helps develop the kind of strong interpersonal skills that children will use their whole lives. In fact, by including both strangers and acquaintances, practicing “random” acts of kindness draws children out of their own small network and introduces them to the whole diverse world around them.

So, how can you get started? The good news about being kind is that the inspiration is all around you, and it needn’t be truly “random.” Coined in response to the all-too-often heard phrase “random acts of violence,” random in this context means only that the kindness should be directed towards the people we don’t always notice or appreciate. It could be a complete stranger, but it could also be the clerk at the grocery store, or the janitor at the gymnastics studio.

Brainstorm with your children about opportunities, and tailor suggestions to their ages and interests. Kindness needn’t be big to make a big impression. A little boy who decorates a thank you card and tapes it to the underside of the trash bin can make a huge difference in the day of the sanitation workers who do a tough and very necessary job. A teenage girl who spontaneously volunteers to baby-sit the neighbor’s toddler brings happiness to two people – the harried mom in dire need of a break and the rambunctious child itching for a new playmate.

Do you know a teacher who could use a sincere thank you? Have you read a news story about a family who needs new winter coats, or a charity struggling to keep its doors open? Have your kids keep their eyes open – they’re sure to spot someone who needs help picking up the books they dropped or reaching an item on a high shelf.

A spontaneous smile from a young child or a sincere compliment from an older one can make everyone’s day a little brighter. Help your kids learn to help others. Because it’s never too early to learn to be kind.

29 May 2009

True Fans Don't Bet

Taruhan merupakan salah satu fenomena yang terjadi di dalam sepakbola. Bidang ini bahkan menjadi profesi bagi kalangan tertentu. Beberapa klub terkenal sendiri juga disponsori oleh Rumah Taruhan/Rumah Judi. Ketika dulu pertama mengenal sepakbola, saya merasa bahwa sepakbola tidak akan ramai ditonton kalau tidak disertai taruhan. Setelah menyadari, saya berpendapat bahwa orang yang taruhan dalam pertandingan sepakbola itu bukanlah orang yang mencintai olahraga ini. Setuju atau tidak, silakan dan harap maklum. Seorang pencinta sepakbola tidak akan sepenuh hati bertaruh. Seyogianya demikian. Petaruh itu ibaratnya "massa mengambang" yang membidik keuntungan di atas penderitaan orang lain.
Beruntung sekali saya senantiasa diingatkan. Ada suara dari atas sana yang menggema, "kamu PASTI tidak akan menang kalau kamu taruhan sepakbola." Pas Piala Dunia Prancis 1998 pun saya kalah terus dalam taruhan. Contohnya paling segar yaitu final Liga Champions kemarin. Untuk sekedar hiburan sambil mengulas dan memprediksi jelang pertandingan (istilahnya "hora-hore" begitu lah), kami bertiga iseng bertaruh. Halah, taruhannya saja "ora mbejaji", yaitu Rp.1000,-/orang. Taruhannya "Siapakah pencetak gol pertama?". Diantara kami bertiga Tidak ada yang menyebut nama Samuel Eto'o. Saya menjagokan Xavi Hernandez, Bung "AS" menjagokan Thierry Henry, dan Bung "SAW" menjagokan Wayne Rooney. Setelah tahu Eto'o yang mencetak gol, dalam hati saya "ngekek" (dan "malu" juga hihi). Kebetulan yang "Tonreng" satu tempat dengan saya adalah Bung SAW. "Berarti ora ono sing menang. Wis duwite gawe tuku rokok wae, mathuk...". Wah, ternyata SWW tidak boleh taruhan memang. Hebat sekali petunjuk yang mengingatkan saya itu. Ha mbok situ kawan-kawan, mau taruhan dan sebagainya, mau menang berapa juta dari taruhan sepakbola, saya tidak akan mengakuinya sebagai "seorang pencinta sepakbola". Lantas bagaimana dengan AC Milan (dan pernah pula Werder Bremen) yang disponsori oleh sebuah rumah taruhan? Sebuah fakta yang boleh jadi dapat menjadi "counter attack" untuk saya. Jadi bumerang pula mungkin? Hmm, tapi saya akan jawab, "Lha emange aku Michel Platini ?!" Hahaha .... Semoga kawan-kawan mengerti maksudnya (ya, mengerti lah, pasti...) Pokonya No!, Nyet!, Nei!, Nicht!, Non!, dan Wegah! Kalo jadi petaruh sepakbola.

22 May 2009


The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (French for International Federation of Association Football), commonly known by its acronym, FIFA, is the international governing body of association football. Its headquarters are in Zürich, Switzerland, and its current president is Sepp Blatter. FIFA is responsible for the organization and governance of football's major international tournaments, most notably the FIFA World Cup, held since 1930. FIFA has 208 member associations, which is 16 more than the United Nations and three more than the International Olympic Committee, though five fewer than the International Association of Athletics Federations. The need for a single body to oversee the worldwide game became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. FIFA was founded in Paris on 21 May 1904—the French name and acronym remain, even outside French-speaking countries. Its first president was Robert Guérin. FIFA presided over its first international competition in 1906, but this met with little approval or success. This, in combination with economic factors, led to the swift replacement of Guérin with Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by now a member association. The next tournament staged, the football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA. Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina and Chile in 1912, and Canada and the United States in 1913. FIFA, however, floundered during World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction, but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations later resumed their membership. The FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum in England. FIFA is an association established under the Laws of Switzerland. Its headquarters are in Zürich. FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association. The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year and, additionally, extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its General Secretary and the other members of FIFA's Executive Committee. The President and General Secretary are the main officeholders of FIFA, and are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat, with its staff of approximately 280 members. FIFA's Executive Committee, chaired by the President, is the main decision-making body of the organization in the intervals of Congress. FIFA's worldwide organisational structure also consists of several other bodies, under authority of the Executive Committee or created by Congress as standing committees. Among those bodies are the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, the Referees Committee, etc. Aside from its worldwide institutions (presidency, Executive Committee, Congress, etc.) there are confederations recognised by FIFA which oversee the game in the different continents and regions of the world. National associations, and not the continental confederations, are members of FIFA. The continental confederations are provided for in FIFA's statutes. National associations must claim membership to both FIFA and the confederation in which their nation is geographically resident for their teams to qualify for entry to FIFA's competitions (with a few geographic exceptions listed below): AFC—Asian Football Confederation in Asia and Australia CAF—Confédération Africaine de Football in Africa CONCACAF—Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football in North America and Central America CONMEBOL—Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol in South America OFC—Oceania Football Confederation in Oceania UEFA—Union of European Football Associations in Europe. Nations straddling the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia have generally had their choice of confederation. As a result, a number of transcontinental nations including Russia, Turkey, Cyprus, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia have chosen to become part of UEFA despite the bulk of their land area being in Asia. Israel, although lying entirely within Asia, joined UEFA in 1994, after decades of its football teams being boycotted by many Arab and predominantly Muslim AFC countries. Kazakhstan moved from the AFC to UEFA in 2002. Australia was the latest to move from the OFC to AFC in January 2006. Guyana and Suriname have always been CONCACAF members despite being South American countries. No team from the OFC is offered automatic qualification to the World Cup. In recent World Cup qualifying cycles, the winner of their section had to play a play-off against a CONMEBOL side, a hurdle at which Australia have traditionally fallen. In an effort to improve their national and domestic teams Australia moved to the AFC in 2006. This allows Australia to play in Asian tournaments of a much higher standard (as well as being more numerous) such as the AFC Asian Cup and the Asian Champions League. Australia successfully qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup by winning just such a playoff in a penalty shootout against Uruguay, just a few months after the clearance to move was granted. Initially, the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification cycle was planned to provide the winner of OFC qualifying with a place in the final AFC qualification group, but this was scrapped in favour of a playoff between the OFC winner and an AFC team for a World Cup place. In total, FIFA recognises 208 national associations and their associated men's national teams as well as 129 women's national teams; see the list of national football teams and their respective country codes. Curiously, FIFA has more member states than the United Nations, as FIFA recognises several non-sovereign entities as distinct nations, most notably the four Home Nations within the United Kingdom. The FIFA World Rankings are updated monthly and rank each team based on their performance in international competitions, qualifiers, and friendly matches. There is also a world ranking for women's football, updated four times a year. FIFA PRESIDENTS Robert Guerin, France, 1904-1906 Daniel Burley Woolfall, England, 1906-1918 Jules Rimet, France, 1921-1954 Rodolphe Seeldrayers, Belgium, 1954-1955 Arthurd Drewry, England, 1955-1961 Stanley Rous, England, 1961-1974 Joao Havelange, Brazil, 1974-1998 Joseph S. Blatter, Switzerland, since 1998

20 May 2009

International Goalkeepers Congress fixed for June

Source: African Football
The second edition of the International Congress of Goalkeepers takes place from June 26 to 27, 2009 at the Allianz Arena in Munich, Germany. The two-day event that seeks to bring together goalkeepers, goalkeepers’ coaches and experts in goalkeeping to exchange their know-how and experience is being organized by Deutsche Torwartschule in cooperation with the Bavarian Football Association. The congress will focus on the role of the goalkeeper, and in particular on the special requirements made of education, assistance and support. Over 30 speakers will address forums on the latest trends in goalkeeping, innovative coaching methods and the outlook for young players. Other topics include the influence of the media, marketing and technology on the goalie position and modern goalkeeper coaching. Other highlights include a charity fixture during which participants can make donations and play against famous goalkeepers and former professional football players. The Deutsche Torwartschule plans to use the proceeds to open up and support new goalkeeper schools for children in southern Africa. The former German national goalkeeper and current German FA (DFB) national goalkeeper manager, Andy Köpke, is patron of the congress and has emphasized on its importance. “The role of the goalkeeper in football has undergone a distinct change over the past years. The effect of the back-pass rule is twofold; the goalkeeper is the last man standing and at the same time, the first to initiate the build-up of an attack. His task makes high demands of equipment, coaching methods and medical care, but none of this has been given the attention it deserves.” About 500 participants across the globe are expected to attend.
The maiden edition of congress was held in Nuremberg, Germany in April 2008.

11 May 2009

Menggugah Fanatisme Warga Semarang

Sudah tahu kan PSIS senior dibekukan aktivitasnya (kata 'dibubarkan' kok rasanya terlalu kasar). Sisa kompetisi Liga Indonesia akan diteruskan oleh PSIS U21. Sebuah kisah tragis bagi klub kebanggaan kota Semarang. Mengapa separah itu ya? Tak lain karena perilaku para pengelola yang tidak benar-benar mengerti sepakbola. Ngertine mung golek bathi lan balik modal. Dasar bakul ! Dengan entengnya ngomong "sudah keluar modal banyak tapi gak menang-menang". Dari sini terlihat si pemodal tadi sangat komersil. Kalo gak niat & ikhlas mbangun sepakbola Semarang, gak usah ikut-ikutan, bung. Bikin kecewa penggemar wae. Beginilah kalau pekerjaan dikelola oleh "bukan ahlinya". Tinggal nunggu kehancurannya. Saya tidak tahu SDM manajemen PSIS seperti apa, tapi melihat perjalanan selama ini tampaknya mereka tidak punya rasa "handarbeni" sehingga merasa tidak wajib "hangrungkebi". Bila mereka benar peduli PSIS, pastilah berusaha sekuatnya agar klub tetap "sehat". Bukan modal yang jadi kendalanya, bung, tetapi kemauan! Jangankan PSIS, raja Eropa Real Madrid pun terbelit hutang. Lha tapi dasar mereka Madridista tulen, ya tetap menjaga eksistensi. Mencari "patriot sejati" inilah yang sulit didapatkan di lingkungan kita. Pembekuan tim senior PSIS adalah bukti betapa jorjorannya ambisi pengurus yang tanpa perhitungan. Langkah yang selama ini mereka tempuh bukan karena fanatisme terhadap perkembangan sepakbola Semarang, tetapi karena tujuan lain. Ketika tujuan itu tidak tercapai, maka yang jadi korban adalah komoditi yang mereka kendarai (baca: PSIS). PSIS harus kembali ke rumah asalnya, dalam keluarga yang memahami benar seluruh jiwa & raganya. Jangan biarkan "kompeni" lain menguasainya. Cukup sekali ini saja. Panzer Biru dan Snex bersatulah, jangan ada perbedaan di antara kita.

Birahi yang Tertahan

Nafsu berbagai ragam mewarnai manusia. Di antara nafsu yang paling sakti, ibarat seorang pendekar sedang menghadapi dahsyatnya Ajian Serat Jiwa Tingkat X (ingat sandiwara radio "Saur Sepuh"?), nafsu birahi adalah yang paling berat dilawan. Ketika birahi menggelegak, mengamati lenggak-lenggok yang berseliweran di depan warung langganan itu bagaikan melirik mangsa untuk ditelan bulat-bulat. Malam terang namun semilir angin berhembus, gelegakkan gairah inti dari sanubari, meracaulah pikiran untuk kemudian merasa gelisah. Pesona itu semakin menggoda. Ingin menyentuhnya, ingin menjamahnya, ingin ... Menikmatinya secara lahap. Di hamparan hijau di lembah asmara birahi meraja. Bentuk sempurna calon mangsa makin menggoda, tabirkan sukma yang harusnya bersahaja. Tak pedulikan riuh sekitar bergelora. Hasrat telah mematri di ubun-ubun kepala. Segera ingin melampiaskan semua. Birahi adalah pesona dalam balutan sensualitas. Ia meraja sebagai titian menuju puncak kepuasan yang tiada tara. Ingin segera mencium, membelai, mengusap, dan mencumbunya. Namun, adalah manusia yang kala terlena oleh pesona. Tatkala gejolak makin berjaya, lepaslah kendali demi puncak nikmatnya. Birahi adalah obsesi setiap pasang mata di Gottlieb Daimler, Nou Camp, dan Giuseppe Meazza. Ada masa yang tak mau disela. Klimaks itu harus binasa, karena manusia takkan sempurna. Birahi adalah ibarat mimpi tertinggi. Ia penuh halang & rintang. Kepuasan mutlak tak mudah didapat, ia butuh percumbuan panjang. Pesona itu masih menggoda, menari-nari sebelum jatuh dalam istana raja yang ia dambakan. Sensualitasnya memang perlu lawan bercinta yang setara.

9 May 2009

Brussels by Bike

There are a thousand-and-one ways of using a bicycle in Brussels. Some use it for going to work. Others only on Sundays for a bit of healthy exercise. Night birds particularly like it for mitigating the lack of public transport after midnight. Many, alas, maintain that cycling in Brussels isn't practical. They bemoan the lack of bicycle facilities, the inclement weather or the capital's not very cyclist-friendly ups-and-downs. They're right and wrong at one and the same time. For bicycle facilities, it's clear that efforts need to be made, but people should also see the great deal that has already been done. For the weather, regular cyclists will tell you that, in the end, it doesn't rain all that often, and that the rain is really nasty for only a few days a year. As for the ups-and down, OK, so Brussels undulates a little, but nevertheless, it's not San Francisco! So, go ahead! Get out your bike, since it's waiting patiently for you in the garage. Spruce it up, and show it the world. If you still need to be convinced, read the following pages with care. You'll soon understand that, when all is said and done, the bicycle is welcome in Brussels. There's no reason! Cycling is fuddy-duddy. Too tiring. Suicidal. Cyclists are dangerous in traffic. There aren't enough bicycle facilities. When I park my bike, it gets stolen. In Belgium, it's always raining. Discover this clichés and the answers. Some facilities As we've told you, the public authorities are not completely inactive with regard to encouraging cycling in Brussels. Here some facilities that have been introduced, either discreetly or with huge media fanfare. Cycle routes For several years, the Brussels-Capital Region has introduced a series of cycle routes in order to make cyclists' lives easier. It is a question of marked itineraries of several miles, organised as stars, from the downtown area to the suburbs. These routes follow either the main roads, which then comprise facilities reserved for cyclists, or quiet little streets with little traffic. In the end, there should be about twenty such cycle routes. CycloCity: these are bicycle stations for rental as required, which are for the time being only to be found in the Pentagon (Brussels-City commune). Easy, practical and inexpensive. You take a bicycle from one station, you ride it, and you return it to another station. There are twenty-three such CycloCity points in Brussels. The Stib or train Bike duo: the public transport authorities have accepted, in certain conditions, that passengers can take their bicycles on to the public transport system. Furthermore, the Region has had facilities for padlocking bicycles installed at each underground station. On the accesses of the stations, the Region is introducing many more bicycle facilities. The SNCB itself has recently launched a "Bicycle Point" at North Station. These are points where you can leave your bicycle under lock and key, get it repaired... Source: Matthieu Lethé & Frédéric Solvel

7 May 2009

Machu Picchu's Mysteries Continue to Lure Explorers

Machu PicchuOn the morning of July 24, 1911, a tall lecturer-cum-explorer from Yale University set off in a cold drizzle to investigate rumors of ancient Inca ruins in Peru. The explorer chopped his way through thick jungle, crawled across a "bridge" of slender logs bound together with vines, and crept through underbrush hiding venomous fer-de-lance pit vipers.
Two hours into the hike, the explorer and his two escorts came across a grass-covered hut. A pair of Indian farmers walked them a short way before handing them over to a small Indian boy. With the boy leading the way, Hiram Bingham stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century—and what was named in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world: Machu Picchu. What Bingham saw was a dramatic and towering citadel of stone cut from escarpments. Fashioned by men without mortar, the stones fit so tightly together that not even a knife's blade could fit between them. He wondered: Why? By whom? For what? Certainly, what he saw was awe-invoking. Contemporary Peruvian expert Luis Lumbreras, the former director of Peru's National Institute of Culture, describes "a citadel made up of palaces and temples, dwellings and storehouses," a site fulfilling ceremonial religious functions. Machu Picchu is formed of buildings, plazas, and platforms connected by narrow lanes or paths. One sector is cordoned off to itself by walls, ditches, and, perhaps, a moat—built, writes Lumbreras, "not as part of a military fortification [but] rather as a form of restricted ceremonial isolation." The Wrong "Lost City" Bingham's discovery was published in the April 1913 issue of National Geographic magazine, bringing the mountaintop citadel to the world's attention. (The National Geographic Society helped fund Bingham on excursions to Machu Picchu in 1912 and 1915.) Bingham believed he had found Vilcabamba, the so-called Lost City of the Inca where the last of the independent Inca rulers waged a years-long battle against Spanish conquistadors. Bingham argued for and justified his conclusions for almost 50 years after his discovery, and his explanations were widely accepted. What Bingham had found, however, was not the lost city, but a lost city. In 1964, adventurer Gene Savoy identified ruins and proved that Espiritu Pampa (in the Vilcabamba region of Peru, west of Machu Picchu) was the lost city that Bingham had originally sought. Ironically, Bingham had actually discovered these ruins at Espiritu Pampa during his 1911 trek. He uncovered a few Inca-carved stone walls and bridges but dismissed the ruins and ultimately focused on Machu Picchu. Savoy uncovered much of the rest. So what then was this city that Bingham had revealed? There were no accounts of Machu Picchu in any of the much-studied chronicles of the Spanish invasion and occupation. There was nothing to document that it even existed at all, let alone its purpose. Bingham theorized that Machu Picchu had served as a convent of sorts where chosen women from the Inca realm were trained to serve the Inca leader and his coterie. He found more than a hundred skeletons at the site and believed that roughly 75 percent of the skeletons were female, but modern studies have shown a more reasonable fifty-fifty split between male and female bones. Bingham also believed that Machu Picchu was the mythical Tampu-tocco, the birthplace of the Inca forefathers. Modern Theories Modern research has continued to modify, correct, and mold the legend of Machu Picchu. Research conducted by John Rowe, Richard Burger, and Lucy Salazar-Burger indicates that rather than being a defensive stronghold, Machu Picchu was a retreat built by and for the Inca ruler Pachacuti. Burger has suggested it was built for elites wanting to escape the noise and congestion of the city. Brian Bauer, an expert in Andean civilization at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a National Geographic grantee, says Machu Picchu—which was built around A.D. 1450—was, in fact, relatively small by Inca standards and maintained only about 500 to 750 people. One thing is certain, says Bauer, archaeological evidence makes it clear that the Inca weren't the only people to live at Machu Picchu. The evidence shows, for instance, varying kinds of head modeling, a practice associated with peoples from coastal regions as well as in some areas of the highlands. Additionally, ceramics crafted by a variety of peoples, even some from as far as Lake Titicaca, have been found at the site. "All this suggests that many of the people who lived and died at Machu Picchu may have been from different areas of the empire," Bauer says. As for farming, Machu Picchu's residents likely made use of the grand terraces surrounding it. But experts say these terraces alone couldn't have sustained the estimated population of the day and that farming most likely also took place in the surrounding hills. Dr. Johan Reinhard, a National Geographic explorer-in-residence, has spent years studying ceremonial Inca sites at extreme altitudes. He's gathered information from historical, archaeological, and ethnographical sources to demonstrate that Machu Picchu was built in the center of a sacred landscape. Machu Picchu is nearly surrounded by the Urubamba River, which is revered by people in the region still today. The mountains that cradle the site also are important sacred landforms. "Taken together, these features have meant that Machu Picchu formed a cosmological, hydrological, and sacred geographical center for a vast region," Reinhard says. Machu Picchu Today In September 2007, Yale University agreed to return to Peru some of the thousands of artifacts that Bingham removed to Yale to study during his years of exploration and research. These items will go into a new museum that the Peruvian government has agreed to build in Cusco. Being named a modern world wonder is a mixed blessing for the people of Cusco, the former center of the Inca world and the closest city to Machu Picchu. The site is a source of national pride for Peru, as well as a valuable tourist attraction. However, with an increase in international interest comes an increase in pollution, a need for hotels and other facilities, and the need to protect the lost city that the Western world didn't know existed. It's highly unlikely that researchers will find an archaeological smoking gun that will definitively identify the purpose and uses of Machu Picchu. Scientists, however, continue to excavate and rebuild the site. Modern scientific advances, such as those that re-identified the gender of the skeletons that Bingham found, could help uncover clues to reveal the reasons for its construction, the activities that took place there, and its subsequent abandonment. (article by: Kelly Hearn and Jason Golomb) source: NationalGeographic

2 May 2009

Shower Earth With Your Love

Early morning before six thin layer of clouds covered the sky. Despite dry season about to begin, roads got wet by tears from Heaven. I felt chilled trembling my nerves. I tasted stone-aging smells of water-poured soils. It should have had to be a symbol of sadness as the sun didn't show up. But how could my heart be drowned in joy? There had to be a sweet message from the Mother Nature. Yes, actually there was. Half an hour getting numb by the show before my lazy eyes, finally I got clinched by the squirts smashing the stones, by the distant rolling thunders. That ... the tears sent from above were tears of joy. They built a river of life, with all ornaments of celebration. Our Mother Earth was having her a special day. Day when she need to be looked after for her better future and survival. It was the day when she wanted to be best served by the inhabiting creature namely Mankind. Will you join me to stop smoking, throwing used things, burrying irreversible materials, stuffing soils with poisonous materials, and turning off the motor vehicle machines just for 24 hous? Will you?
Happy Mother Earth Day ...
Terima kasih kepada BelajarInggris.Net atas kepercayaannya memilih tulisan saya menjadi salah satu pemenang dalam Lomba Blog 2010.